Renditions have been a staple of counter-terrorism in the East and Horn of Africa since before 9/11, when Embassy Bombings suspects were rendered with no process to the United States for eventual trial. In the years following 9/11, well over 100 renditions of terror suspects have been documented, involving people of over 19 different nationalities. Tanzania, Kenya, Djibouti, Somalia and Uganda within the region, and the United States and the United Kingdom, have all been complicit in renditions involving the East and Horn of Africa and its nationals. There have not been any adequate judicial or government investigations into regional or international state involvement in these renditions and detentions, some of which are now effectively disappearances.

Renditions in East Africa are ongoing – seven Kenyans and two Ugandans were rendered with no process from Kenya to Uganda in 2010, and subsequently charged with involvement in the 2010 Kampala Bombings. Most of these defendants are now being held in effective indefinite detention – “indefinite detention by the back door” – having been caught up in the Ugandan legal system where they are not entitled to state provided legal representation and are unable to provide adequate bail surety whilst they wait, indefinitely, for their case to be heard. There are also cases of Kenyans being “disappeared” in Eastleigh, Nairobi, believed rendered to Somalia.